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Dragon's Lair

| 1983

Release type:
Units produced: Cinematronics
Controls/Input Device:
Number of Players: 1
More Creator:
More Coder/Software:
License from/Copyright:
SoundMix: none
More Graphics/Artwork:
More Music/Sound:
Acting Talent involved:
More Machine Details:
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Game Awards Nominations:
Game Awards Won:
Title a.k.a.:
Avg. Playtime:
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MAME folder name: dlair

Display: raster 704x480 @ 59.94Hz (59.94 pixclock)
Sound: 2 channels

Emulated in MAME via driver dlair.c:
Status: preliminary; Emulation: preliminary
Graphic: good; Sound: good; Color: good
Palette size: 0; Savestate: unsupported

dl_f2_u1.bin with 8192kb
sha1:c0cafff8b2982125fd3314ffc66681e47f027fc9 crc:f5ea3b9d
dl_f2_u2.bin with 8192kb
sha1:614ca8f6c5b6fa1d590f6b80d731377faa3a65a9 crc:dcc1dff2
dl_f2_u3.bin with 8192kb
sha1:29d1015b951f0f2d4e5257497f3bf007c5e2262c crc:ab514e5b
dl_f2_u4.bin with 8192kb
sha1:71149e2d359cc5944fbbb53dd7d0c2b42fbc9bb4 crc:f5ec23d2
z03_1001_vyw-053_v1-0.bin with 8192kb
sha1:52f91c304a878ba02b2fa1cda1a9489d6dd5a34f crc:31ec4687
Mameinfo.dat entry:
0.37b10 [Yochizo]


- 0.147u2: hap fixed clone Omega Fighter Special. The game fails to boot or finish post. After showing bad rom errors, the game resets.

- 0.147u1: Fixed maincpu rom loading.

- 0.122u7: Fixed gfx1/2/3/4/5 rom loading.

- 0.89u3: Changed Z80 CPU2 clock speed to 5MHz.

- 0.37b10: Yochizo added 'Omega Fighter' (UPL 1989) and clone Omega Fighter Special.

- 21st November 2000: Yochizo fixed some graphics bugs in the Omega Fighter / Atomic Robo-kid driver.

- 8th November 2000: Yochizo sent in a driver for Omega Fighter and Atomic Robo-kid.

- 25th April 1999: Dumped Omega Fighter Special.

LEVELS: 8 (restarts once)

Other Emulators:

* FB Alpha


* Raine

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Romset: 2016 kb / 8 files / 457.8 zip

Credits Mameinfo and Mametesters Project Robert J. Rabgno et al.
History.dat entry:
Dragon's Lair (c) 1983 Cinematronics.

Dragon's Lair is THE original laser disc video game, the video and sound sequences for the game are stored on a LASER DISC. This unprecedented game lets a player participate in an animated AND INTERACTIVE motion-picture experience.

Dragon's Lair is the first game born to the new generation of video games. This unprecedented game is the first motion-picture type fairy tale you interact with.

As Dirk the Daring, a player's goal is to rescue the princess. The adventures along the way are horrible and terrifying, but, a skilled and brave knight, like honor and truth, can prevail.

A player has a choice of 5 moves at any given time. A complete game of Dragon's Lair requires more than 200 correct moves. Timing is critical! Dirk can be too hesitant or too eager to make a move. Only experience and a good memory enable Dirk to complete his mission.

The game opens with the dark visage of a foreboding castle looming in the distance. The next thing you know, you are Dirk, running across the castle drawbridge. The gate clangs shut behind you, and your quest to kill the dragon and save Princess Daphne has begun!

More than 40 possible episodes will be presented to you. Some require many fast repeated moves; others will require fewer, more calculated moves.

Dragon's Lair can be a 1-or 2-player game. If 2 play, 2 twin knights engage in mortal combat with the same demons until they both die (use up their lives), or until one rescues the fair princess from the dragon's lair.

At the beginning of the game, if the player makes a wrong move and loses a life, a new scene will appear at random. Later in the game, a scene that is not completed properly is repeated until it is mastered. Also, when a player loses a life, the scene stops, the screen turns blue, and PLAYER 1 or PLAYER 2 is displayed on the screen, along with that player's number of remaining lives.

As you play the game you may find that sane scenes are repeated, but the image is reversed on the screen (the scene is reversed on the disc, not by the hardware).

Princess Daphne appears during the game, in distress and crying for help. She is unattainable until the end.


The images for the game are stored on a laser disc, a type of storage device. Dragon's Lair uses a laser-disc player made by Philips (model 22VP 932/00) and a Z80 microprocessor to generate the images and action required for game play.

Most of the sounds you hear during game play originate from the disc.

The control panel :
SWORD BUTTONS : Causes Dirk to draw and use his sword.
JOYSTICK : Controls Dirk's movements. Dirk moves in the direction that the joystick is pointed. In some instances, moving Dirk to an object causes him to do something with that object.


Dragon's Lair was released in June 1983.

The attract mode of the game displays various short vignettes of gameplay with the accompanying narration : 'Dragon's Lair: The fantasy adventure where you become a valiant knight, on a quest to rescue the fair princess from the clutches of an evil dragon. You control the actions of a daring adventurer, finding his way through the castle of a dark wizard, who has enchanted it with treacherous monsters and obstacles. In the mysterious caverns below the castle, your odyssey continues against the awesome forces that oppose your efforts to reach the Dragon's Lair. Lead on, adventurer. Your quest awaits!'

Dragon's Lair was one of the first games to use the then-new Laserdisc format. It was the first game to have feature-quality animation (exactly 22 minutes of full animation at a cost of 1.3 million dollars). This set it apart from the other arcade games of the day which had very primitive graphics.

The animation was done by Don Bluth Studios, which also did feature-length animated movies such as 'The Secret of NIMH' and 'An American Tail'. Don Bluth was a former Disney employee who left to start his own company. To keep the cost as low as possible, they decided not to hire professional voice actors. Instead they all pitched in and did the voices themselves. Sound Engineer, Dan Molina was the voice of Dirk the Daring. Vera Lanpher, head of assistant animators, was the voice of Daphne. The narrator was Michael Rye and the musical score was created by Christopher Stone.

Dirk only speaks twice. Once, he mutters 'Uh, oh' when the platform begins to recede during the fire-swinging sequence, and exclaims 'Wow!' when first entering the dragon's lair.

Dragon's Lair had a huge impact on the arcade industry in 1983 (grossing more than 32 million dollars in the first eight months in the arcades). It was so big that quite a bit of merchandise was produced. Dragon's Lair books, buttons, trading cards, stickers and toys were just a few of the many different items that could be purchased.

Lance Mazmanian was the one of the first ever in the US (or perhaps actually the first in the US) to successfully complete the commercially released Dragon's Lair game. This happened at Zody's Arcade in North Las Vegas, Nevada, 1983, when Mazmanian, then 17 years-old, narrowly beat Rick Gurlach to the prize (Gurlach completed the game a mere day later). When word of the victory spread, two Japanese executives from a competing game company flew to Las Vegas to meet with Mazmanian, who was privately interviewed for an hour in the arcade (which was closed by the operators to accommodate the interview). Mazmanian was asked extensive questions about the interface, the gaming experience, the control cluster, the story progression, the animation, and so on.

Marvel Studio produced a Saturday-morning TV-show based on the game. The TV show, produced by Ruby Spears, debuted in the fall of 1984 on ABC and lasted only 1 season.

There was also a Dragon's Lair feature film that was planned, storyboarded, and written but never put into production. The film was to be called 'Dragon's Lair - The Legend'.

The 'Hover Joust' scene and 'dirk turns into a skeleton' death scene was parodied in an episode of the animated television show Family Guy in 2009

Dragon's Lair has been parodied in a sketch on the television show Robot Chicken.

KOTO, an Italian synth group released two Discs in 1988, KOTO 'Dragons Legend' and KOTO 'Dragons Megamix'. The remix music themes include takes of the audio from the attract mode of Dragon's Lairas well as some dialogs of Daphne in game. The themes are Dragons Legend, Dragons Legend (Dub version) and Dragons Megamix.

Greg Sakundiak holds the official record for this game with three starting lives with a score 374,954 points on July 20, 1985.
Judd Boone holds the official record for this game with five starting lives with a score of 558,724 points on October 31, 1983.


* Rev. A : use the Pioneer PR-7820 only, 5 Chip set.
* Rev. B : use the Pioneer PR-7820 only, 5 Chip set.
* Rev. C : use the Pioneer PR-7820 only, 5 Chip set.
* Rev. D : use the Pioneer PR-7820 only, 5 Chip set.
* Rev. E : use the Pioneer LD-V1000 only, 4 Chip set.
* Rev. F : use either players, 4 Chip set.
* Rev. F2 : use either players, 4 Chip set.


Because the monsters and traps to be overcome are so numerous and constantly changing, it is not possible to list the range of scores awarded for each one.


* Hints :
1. React! Often the player will be given a visual cue as to which direction to move. These cues are often presented as a flashing light, flashing tunnel, flashing rope, or flashing door. In general, the player should move toward a flashing object.
2. Remember, even though the player may know the direction to move, the timing of his move is critical.
3. The player must react to fire -- it is his enemy. He should not linger too long near fire, and in general, he should move away from blazing fires.

* Unlimited Lives : On some versions of Dragon's Lair the programmers left a secret Easter Egg that allows you to have unlimited lives. To access it, wait for the Attract Mode to begin, then hold the joystick UPLEFT and press the Sword button while inserting your quarters. Release the joystick and then select 1 player. You will now have unlimited lives until you complete the game.


1. Dragon's Lair (1983)
2. Dragon's Lair II - Time Warp (1991)
3. Dragon's Lair 3D - Return To The Lair (2002, PC CD-ROM)
4. Dragon's Lair 3 (2004, PC CD-ROM)


Designer: Rick Dyer
Animation by: Don Bluth
Gameplay designed by: Victor Penman, Marty Foulger, Darlene Waddington
Programmed by: Mike Knauer, Vince Lee
Auxiliary programming: Earl Stratton
Voice acting: Michael Rye, Vera Lanpher, Dan Molina


* Consoles :
Colecovision (1984)
Nintendo Famicom (1990)
Nintendo Game Boy (1990)
Nintendo SNES (1992)
Panasonic 3DO [JP] (Mar. 26, 1994) "Dragon's Lair [Model FZ-SJ0153]"
Sega Mega-CD (1994) "Dragon's Lair [Model 4436]"
Phillips CD-I (1994) "Dragon's Lair [Model 810 0181]"
Sega Saturn
Atari Jaguar [CD] (1995)
Nintendo Game Boy Color (2000)
Sony PlayStation 2 (2000)
Microsoft XBOX (2001)
Nintendo DSi (2010; as a downloadable DSiWare game)
Nintendo Wii (2010; as part of Dragon's Lair Trilogy)

* Computers :
Commodore C64 (1986, "Dragon's Lair" / 1987, "Dragon's Lair II")
Sinclair ZX Spectrum (1986, "Dragon's Lair" / 1987, "Dragon's Lair II")
Amstrad CPC (1986, "Dragon's Lair" / 1987, "Dragon's Lair II")
Commodore Amiga [3.5''] (1988)
Atari ST [3.5''] (1988)
Apple Macintosh [3.5''] (1988)
PC [MS-DOS, 3.5'' / 5.25''] (1990, "Dragon's Lair")
PC [MS-DOS, 3.5'' / 5.25''] (1991, "Dragon's Lair - Escape from Singe's Castle")
PC [MS Windows 9x, DVD-ROM] (1997)
PC [MS Windows 9x, CD-ROM] (1997, "Dragon's Lair Deluxe Pack")
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] (2001, "Arcade Authentic Version")

* Others :
DVD-Video (1998)
DVD-Video [PS2 & XBOX Compatible] (2002, "Dragon's Lair 20th Anniversary Special Edition")
Google Play (2012 - Digital Leisure)


Edit this entry: http://www.arcade-history.com/?&page=detail&id=702&o=2

Licensed from Alexis Bousiges under a CC Attribution 3.0 License
cheat.dat entry:
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 ------------------------------ REASON 12
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 This game hasn't even been
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 looked at due to the sheer
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 size of the ROMs/CHDs that
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 the game is likely to need
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 to run correctly. The game
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 may not work even if all
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 the files are available and
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 obtainable. Please search
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 the cheat forums before
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 posting ANY cheat requests
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 or commencing cheat finding
60000000 0000 00000000 00000000 ------------------------------ REASON 12

Credit Pugsy's MAME Cheat file