Games-db.com homepage: The Game Database Computer Console Arcade Pinball Handheld Traditional
Message Board
Platforms Overview
Games-db / Arcade /

Hard Drivin' (cockpit, rev 7)

Database Areas


Site Areas

Submit Data
You are a game expert?
You are interested in
sharing your knowledge?
Submit your data here:

Top contributors

Hard Drivin' (cockpit, rev 7)

| 1988

Release type:
Units produced: Atari Games
Controls/Input Device: Control(paddle)
Number of Players: 3
More Creator:
More Coder/Software:
License from/Copyright:
SoundMix: Mono
More Graphics/Artwork:
More Music/Sound:
Acting Talent involved:
More Machine Details:
More System Details:
Game Awards Nominations:
Game Awards Won:
Title a.k.a.:
Avg. Playtime:
Similar Games:
MAME folder name: harddriv

Display: raster 508x384 @ 59.95Hz (59.95 pixclock)
Sound: 1 channels

Emulated in MAME via driver harddriv.c:
Status: good; Emulation: good
Graphic: good; Sound: good; Color: good
Palette size: 1024; Savestate: unsupported

136052-1101.10h with 65536kb
sha1:10434e492e4e9de5cd8543271914d5ba37c52b50 crc:1b77f171
136052-1102.10j with 65536kb
sha1:6ed560c2132e33858c91b1f4ab0247399665b5fd crc:998d3da2
136052-1103.10k with 65536kb
sha1:30c504c730e8e568e78e06c756a23b8923e85b4b crc:e50bec32
136052-1104.10l with 65536kb
sha1:7dfde5bbaa0cf349b1ef5d6b076baded7330376a crc:bc59a2b7
136052-1110.200w with 65536kb
sha1:b6947ade664172a4553ea083fadfcb77c8c3938d crc:908ccbbe
136052-1111.200x with 65536kb
sha1:68462a33bbfcc526d8f27ec082e55937a26ead8b crc:e1f455a3
136052-1118.210w with 65536kb
sha1:e6c5bf0de5ee071b8733fc890ae4f906732adde4 crc:5b25023c
136052-1119.210x with 65536kb
sha1:ce8d4a8f83e25008cafa2a2242ed26b90b8517da crc:a7fc3aaa
136052-1121.45n with 32768kb
sha1:9836b8d16cebd6013834432c9e5a5aca0050c889 crc:04316e6f
136052-1122.70n with 32768kb
sha1:53576c2800484d098cf250ab9a865314167c9d96 crc:0c446eec
136052-1123.65a with 65536kb
sha1:1fd53c7eadffa163d5423df2f8338757e58d5f2e crc:a88411dc
136052-1124.55a with 65536kb
sha1:c623bd51d6a4a56503fbf138138854d6a30b11d6 crc:071a4309
136052-1125.45a with 65536kb
sha1:3c4097db8d625b994b39d46fe652585a74378ca0 crc:ebf391af
136052-1126.30a with 65536kb
sha1:ba62f73ee3b33d8f26b430ffa468f8792dca23de crc:f46ef09c
136052-2106.200s with 65536kb
sha1:8ac405a0ba12bac9acabdb64970608d1b2b1a99b crc:a668db0e
136052-2114.210s with 65536kb
sha1:c6c09e088bcc32030217e3521c862acce113bf93 crc:ab689a94
136052-7105.200r with 65536kb
sha1:09ccf4aa933413b71b6a42796d42299e1334902f crc:af5d5c3e
136052-7113.210r with 65536kb
sha1:b9210f6befd875be8bc1dbd31f44d0cb63166748 crc:3330a942
Mameinfo.dat entry:
0.37b10 [Yochizo]


- 0.147u2: hap fixed clone Omega Fighter Special. The game fails to boot or finish post. After showing bad rom errors, the game resets.

- 0.147u1: Fixed maincpu rom loading.

- 0.122u7: Fixed gfx1/2/3/4/5 rom loading.

- 0.89u3: Changed Z80 CPU2 clock speed to 5MHz.

- 0.37b10: Yochizo added 'Omega Fighter' (UPL 1989) and clone Omega Fighter Special.

- 21st November 2000: Yochizo fixed some graphics bugs in the Omega Fighter / Atomic Robo-kid driver.

- 8th November 2000: Yochizo sent in a driver for Omega Fighter and Atomic Robo-kid.

- 25th April 1999: Dumped Omega Fighter Special.

LEVELS: 8 (restarts once)

Other Emulators:

* FB Alpha


* Raine

Recommended Games (Star Force):




Night Star (DECO Cassette)

Nova 2001

Star Jacker

Stunt Air


Star Force

Alpha Mission / ASO

Alpha Mission II / ASO II

Astro Warrior (Mega-Tech)

Mission 660


S.R.D. Mission

Truxton / Tatsujin

Tatsujin (Tourvision PCE bootleg)

Truxton II / Tatsujin Oh

Blast Off

Blazing Lazers

GunHed (Tourvision PCE bootleg)

The Next Space

Omega Fighter

Super Star Soldier (Tourvision PCE bootleg)

Lethal Thunder


Strike Gunner S.T.G


Explosive Breaker

Final Star Force




Nebulas Ray



Viper Phase 1

Fever SOS

Mars Matrix: Hyper Solid Shooting

Romset: 2016 kb / 8 files / 457.8 zip

Credits Mameinfo and Mametesters Project Robert J. Rabgno et al.
History.dat entry:
Hard Drivin' (c) 1988 Atari Games.

Slide into the contoured seat and adjust it to fit the length of your arms and legs. Put your feet on gas and clutch pedals and try the stick shift. Select manual or automatic transmission, turn the ignition key and you're off!

It’s the ride of your life. You feel the tires grip the road when you take a wide turn at high speed. You're alerted to the smallest change in the road by the feedback steering. You catch air as you fly the draw bridge and land on the down ramp. You control the car as it holds the road on the dizzying vertical loop.

Hard Drivin' might look like an arcade game but it drives like a real car. For the best lap times, drive Hard Drivin' as if it were a real car. The main difference between Hard Drivin' and a real car is that Hard Drivin' is much safer to drive. A player can test the limits of the car and his skill with no risk of personal injury, and follow a course that does not exist anywhere in the real world.

After inserting the proper number of coins to start the simulator, the player can select either an automatic or manual transmission. Turning the ignition key starts the simulator.

Drivers can choose between the stunt track or the speed track by following the posted signs on the road. Each player has a certain (operator-selectable) amount of time to reach a checkpoint or the finish line. Crossing checkpoints and the finish line rewards the player with (operator-selectable) bonus driving time.

With Hard Drivin' a player can test drive a high-powered sports car on a real stunt course. He can jump a draw bridge, negotiate a high-speed banked turn and drive a 360-degree vertical loop. These thrilling stunts, among others, provide the ultimate realistic driving experience.

Or maybe high-speed driving is a particular player's type of excitement. He can 'put the pedal to the metal' and try to keep control around the corners, weaving in and out of traffic while avoiding oncoming cars. All this, and more, await the player behind the wheel of Hard Drivin'.

Players especially enjoy the unique instant replay feature on Hard Drivin'. Every time a player crashes, the simulator records and replays the crash sequence. Not only will the player find this entertaining, but it is also informative. The instant replay shows the player exactly what he did wrong and why he crashed (If a player wants to skip the instant replay, he can press the abort switch or turn the key when the replay starts).

A skilled player finds the ultimate competition in the 'challenge' lap (or 'grudge match' as Atari Games likes to call it). The simulator remembers the path of the car driven by the best driver on record. When a player beats the qualifying lap time, he challenges the car of the past winner in a head-to-head race.


Cockpit model
Game ID : 136052

Main CPU : Motorola 68010 (@ 8 Mhz), TMS34010 (@ 6 Mhz), TMS34010 (@ 6.25 Mhz), ADSP2100 (@ 8 Mhz)
Sound CPU : Motorola 68000 (@ 8 Mhz), TMS32010 (@ 5 Mhz)
Sound Chips : DAC

Hard Drivin' is equipped with center-feel steering with continuous force feedback, adjustable swivel seat, gas, brake and clutch pedals, four-speed stick shift, and a medium-resolution monitor.


Even if titlescreen says 1988, Hard Drivin' was released in February 1989.

1668 units were produced in the USA and 200 in Ireland for European distribution. The selling price was $7995.

This was the world first driving simulator to use 3-D polygon graphics.

Despite claiming to be a real driving simulator, there were a lot of discrepancies between the game's software physics and the car physics on screen. However, the cockpit physics were considered very accurate at the time.

You may have noticed that the Credit Screen lists Doug Milliken as a Test Driver (See Staff section). He is listed as a Test Driver because Atari didn't want anyone to know what he really did. Hard Drivin' had to be as accurate as possible. That meant doing an accurate car model to mathematically describe the physics of how the parts of the car (engine, transmission, springs, shock absorbers, tires, etc.) react to each other, to the road and to the driver's inputs. The pioneer in the field (in the 1950s) was William Milliken of Milliken Research. His son, Doug, has continued his father's work. Doug is probably the world's leading expert in car modelling. Doug and his father wrote the book on car modelling.

Patents that come out of Hard Drivin' are :
5005148 : 'Driving simulator with moving painted dashboard'.
5354202 : 'System and method for driver training'.
5577913 : 'System and method for driver training with multiple driver competition'.

Prior to the release of Hard Drivin', Namco had acquired a controlling interest in Atari games by 1986. The sharing of R&D information would spawn many games of the same polygon engine years later. It can be credited that the success of the Hard Drivin' engine set the trend for the high quality simulation games in the early 90's.

One of the buildings along the speed course, a small camouflage-painted building, if approached from behind (a non-trivial task, given the off-road time limit) has a sign above its normally-unseen door that says 'THE HUT'.

If the driver slowed down and stopped in front of one of the buildings, a 'keyhole' appeared on the building's door.

There is no apparent Ferrari license shown in any version of the game.

Jeff Garabedian holds the official record for this game with 531400 points at Aladdin's Castle at the Pontiac Mall in Waterford, MI in the summer of 1989.

There were 15 officially released versions, counting 11 cockpit and 4 compact versions, including various British, German and Japanese versions.


Notes : In all British versions, you are in a right-hand drive car.

COCKPIT Revision 1 :
* World release.
* Software version : 7.8.

COCKPIT Revision 2 :
* World release.
* Software version : 7.9.

COCKPIT Revision 3 :
* World release.
* Software version : 8.1.

COCKPIT Revision 4 :
* German release only.
* Software version : 8.2.

COCKPIT Revision 5 :
* British release only.
* Software version : 8.3.

COCKPIT Revision 6
* British and Japanese releases only.
* Software version : 8.4 for Japanese and 8.5 for British.

COCKPIT Revision 7
* World, British and Japanese release.
* Software version : 8.6 for all.


If the driver made a hard left turn at the start of the game, a 'secret' track was available. The track was a long straight road leading to a very short circular track (a skid pad test track) around a tower.


1. Hard Drivin' [No. 136052] (1988)
2. Race Drivin' (1990)
3. Hard Drivin' II - Drive Harder (1991, ST/Amiga)
4. Hard Drivin's Airborne (1993)
5. Street Drivin' (1993)


* Main :
Project leader, game designer, sound system, mech designer, force shifter, analog HW : Rick Moncrief
Technician, mech, designer, sound recording, dashboard shift, game designer : Erik Durfey
Software designer, game designer, car model, force feedback steering, SW tools : Max Behensky
Hardware designer, self test, instant replay, integer 3D algorithms, game designer : Jed Margolin
Game programming, display software, championship lap, game designer : Stephanie Mott

* Others :
Cabinet designers : Mike Jang, Ken Hata
Graphics : Sam Comstock, Kris Moser, Deborah Short, Alan Murphy
Display math software : Jim Morris
ADDN'L programming : Gary Stark, Mike Albaugh, Ed Rotberg
ADDN'L hardware : Don Paauw
Marketing : Linda Benzler, Mary Fujihara
Sales : Shane Breaks
Mechanical designers : Jacques Acknin, Milt Loper, Geoff Barker
Test drivers : Doug Milliken, Dave Shepperd
Music : Don Diekneite
Management : Dan Van Elderen, Lyle Rains, Hide Nakajima


* Consoles :
Nintendo NES [Unreleased Prototype]
Sega Mega Drive [JP] (1990) "Hard Drivin' [Model T-48013]"
Atari Lynx [US] (1991) "Hard Drivin' [Model PA2044]"
Sega Genesis [US] (1991)
Sega Mega Drive [BR] (1991) by Tec Toy
Sega Mega Drive [EU] (1991)
Sony PlayStation 2 [AU] (2004) "Midway Arcade Treasures 2"
Microsoft XBOX [US] (October 11, 2004) "Midway Arcade Treasures 2 [Model MWO-3201W]"
Nintendo GameCube [US] (October 11, 2004) "Midway Arcade Treasures 2 [Model DOL-GAYE-USA]"
Sony PlayStation 2 [US] (October 11, 2004) "Midway Arcade Treasure 2 [Model SLUS-20997]"
Microsoft XBOX [EU] (October 29, 2004) "Midway Arcadee Treasures 2"
Sony PlayStation 2 [EU] (October 29, 2004) "Midway Arcade Treasure 2 [Model SLES-52844]"

* Computers :
Commodore C64 [US] [EU] (1989)
Atari ST [US] (1989)
Amstrad CPC [EU] (1989)
Sinclair ZX Spectrum [EU] (1989)
Commodore Amiga [EU] (1990) : see note below
PC [MS-DOS] [US] (1990)
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] [US] (February 17, 2006) "Midway Arcade Treasures Deluxe Edition"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] [EU] (March 17, 2006) "Midway Arcade Treasures Deluxe Edition" by Zoo Digital Publishing

Notes : Upon purchasing the Amiga version, a questionnaire contest was held where the first 5 people to answer correctly via a postcard sent to London would receive a free model Ferrari F-40 model car by January 8, 1990. The model car is 1/18th the size of the actual car.


Edit this entry: http://www.arcade-history.com/?&page=detail&id=1083&o=2

Licensed from Alexis Bousiges under a CC Attribution 3.0 License
cheat.dat entry:
00000000 FFF768 00000019 FFFFFFFF Infinite Credits
00000000 FF9824 000000FF FFFFFFFF Infinite Time Note that you may have to shut the cheats off after you wipe out so you can Game Over (there are some cases where you can't go anywhere without falling into oblivion after a crash).
00010000 FF9830 000000FF FFFFFFFF Infinite Time (2/3)
00010000 FF9831 000000FF FFFFFFFF Infinite Time (3/3)

Credit Pugsy's MAME Cheat file